what is Age-related Macular Degeneration?

Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD) is a formidable adversary to sharp vision, particularly among the aging population. This degenerative eye condition targets the macula, the critical area responsible for sharp central vision, and if left unchecked, can lead to blindness. As we delve into the intricacies of AMD, it is crucial to understand its symptoms, forms, risk factors, and available treatments.

what are the two types of macular deGeneration?

There are two primary forms: dry and wet.

Macular Degeneration
Wet vs. Dry Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)

Dry Macular-Degeneration

Dry age-related macular degeneration is characterized by the presence of yellow deposits called drusen in the macula, leading to vision dimming or distortion. While it can progress to advanced stages, resulting in central vision loss, total blindness is less common.

Wet Macular-Degeneration

Conversely, wet age-related macular degeneration involves abnormal blood vessel growth beneath the macula, causing fluid leakage and severe vision distortion, necessitating prompt intervention.

Symptoms and causes

Symptoms are often subtle in the preliminary stages but gradually worsen over time. These may include a decline in central vision clarity, loss of vibrant colors, heightened light sensitivity, the appearance of dark spots in central vision, difficulty perceiving details, and distortion of straight lines. It is imperative to recognize these signs and seek immediate attention from a medical ophthalmologist.

What factors increase risk?

Several factors contribute to the development of AMD, including:

  • Genetics
  • Obesity
  • Sunlight exposure
  • Ethnicity
  • Diet
  • Smoking
  • Gender, with women having a higher risk compared to men.

Management and Treatment

Fortunately, treatments for age-related macular degeneration are available, offering hope to patients in managing the condition and preserving vision. Thomas Eye Group provides various options, including injectables like Avastin and Lucentis, and laser therapy. These treatments aim to address the underlying causes of AMD and mitigate vision loss. Regular injections are often necessary, highlighting the importance of ongoing care and monitoring.

Age-Macular Degeneration can be stressful, Let us help!

As February marks Age-Related Macular Degeneration Awareness Month, it is a timely reminder for individuals to prioritize their eye health and undergo regular eye examinations. Let’s raise awareness, promote accessible eye care, and work towards preventing and managing vision loss due to AMD. Together, we can make a difference in preserving sight and improving quality of life.

For more comprehensive information on our services or to schedule an annual eye exam, please visit our website or contact us at 678-892-2020.

Thomas Eye Group