Macular Degeneration

What is macular degeneration?

Macular degeneration, also called age-related macular degeneration (AMD) gradually destroys the central vision needed for seeing fine details and performing daily tasks such as reading and driving. Macular degeneration develops gradually and causes no pain. Patients may notice a blurring or distortion in their central vision.

Macular degeneration is the most frequent cause of blindness for patients aged 55 and above in the United States and is estimated to affect over 10 million Americans. Macular degeneration requires immediate attention from a medical ophthalmologist.

What are the symptoms of macular degeneration?

What factors increase risk for macular degeneration?

Are there multiple types of macular degeneration?

Dry macular degeneration

Dry macular degeneration involves the presence of yellow deposits known as drusen in the macula. As these yellow spots grow, they lead to a dimming effect or distortion of vision. In the advanced stage of dry macular degeneration, central vision is lost but total blindness may not occur. Dry macular degeneration worsens over time blurred vision and blind spots in the central vision.

Wet macular degeneration

With wet macular degeneration, blood vessels grow abnormally underneath the macula. These blood vessels leak fluid into the retina, causing distorted vision.

How is macular degeneration treated?

Thomas Eye Group offers injectable and laser treatment options for macular degeneration.

Avastin® and Lucentis® injections are placed directly into the vitreous of the eye. After your eyes have been treated with topical eye drops and 4% Lidocaine, Betadine may be used around the eyelids to prevent infection. After the injection, your doctor will ask if you can see their hands or any light. Your eye doctor will measure your intraocular eye pressure before you leave the office. The injections will need to be repeated every 4 to 6 weeks.

Side effects of injections may include:

Macular degeneration can be stressful, let us help.
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Thomas Eye Group