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Macular Edema



Macular Edema is also called Cystoid Macular Edema or (CME). Macular Edema sets in when blood vessels leak into the eye and form cysts and swelling that obstruct central vision. CME can best be seen from a diagnostic vision test called fluorecein angiography or optical coherence tomography.

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Causes of Macular Edema

  • Cataract surgery or repair of retina detachment
  • Macular degeneration
  • Medication side effects
  • Diabetes
  • Blocked or clogged veins of the retina
  • Eye injuries

Diagnosing Macular Edema

During routine dilated eye exams our eye doctors may detect central swelling. Depending on the amount of fluid that has leaked these spots may be easy or hard to detect. A fluorescein angiography procedure is conducted where sodium fluorescien dye is injected into an arm or hand and then retina photographs are taken. If there are any abnormalities on the retina, the dye will usually reveal them by leaking, staining or by its inability to get through blocked blood vessels.

Macular Edema Treatments

The eye doctors at Thomas Eye Group will provide expert treatment options to deal with macular edema in all of our locations including Atlanta and Sandy Springs. The treatment type will depend on the severity and progression of the macular edema. Some of the treatment options include:

  • Avastin Injections – Which make blood vessels less leaky and decreases macular edema.
  • Ocular steroid injections – Used to stabilize the retinal barrier and decrease vascular growth within the eye.
  • Anti-inflammatory eye drops (NON-STEROID BASED)-Used to reduce the imflammation of the retina.
  • Vitrectomy Surgery: Removes vitreous gel and membranes to allow the retina to flatten again.

Retina & Vitreous Disorders

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